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Revamping Education System in Pakistan | Addressing Major Flaws

Education is the backbone of any progressive society. Unfortunately, the education system in Pakistan has been struggling with numerous major flaws for many years, hindering the growth and development of Pakistan’s education sector, which is an essential component of any country’s socio-economic progress.

It is high time that we address these issues and seek to reform the education system in Pakistan to ensure that our children receive a quality education that can enable them to become successful citizens and contribute positively to society. In this blog, we will explore some of the major flaws of the education system in Pakistan and suggest possible solutions to help address these issues.

Flaws in the Education System of Pakistan

The education system of Pakistan is facing various issues that are hindering the progress of the country. Here are some of the significant aspects that need deep analysis and subsequent steps to eradicate the issues identified.

Lack of Pedagogical Skills

One major factor hampering educational progress is the lack of pedagogical skills in Pakistan’s education system.  Although the government may not be able to implement a uniform education system in Pakistan, it can introduce a standard curriculum across educational institutes to provide equal opportunity to all students.

Across Pakistan, there is a severe shortage of properly trained teachers, and the public sector needs to update teaching methods. Students are not taught to develop critical thinking skills or to understand problems. Even in urban school systems, century-old methods of teaching are still followed, let alone the educational institutions in rural areas.. The lack of pedagogical skills is a serious issue that needs to be addressed.

The Pakistani government is implementing many new policies to cater to academic problems in the education system of Pakistan. However, these initiatives by the government will not succeed in bringing about the much-needed improvements unless teachers are properly trained to improvise the pedagogies followed by general education.

Lack of Budgetary Allocation

The education system in Pakistan has been under immense pressure due to a lack of funding. The government has to pay for the teacher’s salaries and the school’s infrastructure, which means that they have fewer funds for other necessities such as introducing new technologies, teachers’ training, and infrastructure improvements. 

With less funding, schools are forced to cut costs by limiting their facilities or even shutting down. This also leads to students being unable to afford quality education, affecting their future career prospects. In Pakistan, education is a government-mandated right, but quality education remains unaffordable for many students.

Parents send their children to private schools and spend large sums of money on education as the government schools do not match the requirements of quality and quantity. 

Lack of Technical Education

Human resources is the most important asset of a country, however, lack of technical education is the main cause leading to a low employment rate. Technical education plays a crucial role in equipping students with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in today’s rapidly evolving job market. It can help bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical application, enabling students to apply what they have learned to real-world problems. 

The lack of technical training institutes to produce a skilled workforce affects the nation’s development strategy by increasing the level of unemployment and burdening the economy with an unskilled workforce. By emphasizing technical education in Pakistani schools, the country can boost its economic development and competitiveness by producing a skilled workforce that can contribute to the growth of various industries.

The government needs to prioritize technical education and include it in the secondary education syllabus. Technical education is more effective and faster than traditional university degree programs, which means that students can get a degree in less time. It is estimated that nearly 5 percent of Pakistan’s youth are unemployed, so this situation warrants immediate attention

an unemployment rate of Pakistani youth till 2020

Lack of Career Counseling

Another problem with the existing education system in Pakistan is the absence of career counseling at the school and college levels.  Students need guidance from professionals to figure out what courses to take, which colleges and universities to pursue, what opportunities lie ahead, and more. Most of the youth, when they graduate, take the wrong turns and end up failing. 

The unemployment rate is higher because young people are not guided to pursue education for careers where there is more demand and job opportunities. Although there is a shift in this trend in recent years, most students still assume they have only two career options: to become a doctor or an engineer.  As a result, there is saturation in certain fields whereas a lack of qualified professionals in others. 

In developing countries like Pakistan, there needs to be more political will to improve the quality of education.  Government officials need to focus on education indicators to ensure the country’s safety and security. The education system suffers. But there is still time for Pakistan to improve its education system, and citizens are now relying on the efforts of local and international organizations.

Ways to Improve the Education System in Pakistan

Education is a critical driver of economic growth and social development in any country. However,  in Pakistan,  the education system faces significant challenges, including high dropout rates, low enrollment rates, and poor quality of education. 

According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Pakistan has one of the highest rates of out-of-school children in the world, with an estimated 22.8 million children out of school. The country also ranks second to last in the Human Development Index (HDI) in South Asia, with a literacy rate of just 60%. These statistics highlight the urgent need for Pakistan to revamp its education system and invest in its youth, who are the future of the country. 

Providing career counseling and access to education, enhancing education quality, investing in technology and infrastructure, and promoting equal syllabus access to all are just some of the solutions to these challenges. Through a multi-pronged approach, Pakistan can improve its education system and empower its citizens to succeed in a rapidly changing world.

Career Counseling

Students should receive proper career counseling from professionals so that they have a clear direction of what they must do in the future. To achieve this, schools should provide appropriate career counseling to students from the early stages. Schools should employ mechanisms to improve collaborations between teachers and parents to discuss, identify, and nurture students’ talent sets and their aptitude for any career from the early years of education.  

Career counseling helps students understand the job market better and develop skills they can use later in life. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 global goals adopted by the United Nations in 2015 to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure peace and prosperity by 2030. They provide a framework for achieving a more sustainable future.

The government should increase the education budget and align the education system with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Both the public and private sectors should appoint these professionals.

Equality and Quality in Syllabus 

Improving the quality and equality of the syllabus is essential for providing a high-quality education to all students. Regularly updating the syllabus to ensure it is relevant, incorporating diverse perspectives to promote inclusivity, and focusing on student-centered learning are crucial steps. Additionally, providing professional development opportunities for teachers and leveraging technology can enhance the syllabus. By implementing these measures, we can ensure that all students receive an education that meets their needs and prepares them for the future.

Adapt to New Technologies

Technology has become an integral part of most students’ learning experiences. Educational institutions must adapt to new technologies if they want to remain competitive. Information technology is revolutionizing education with great benefits, from providing space for innovation and a balance of scientific literacy to allowing students to become more globalized and multicultural.

A timeline view of how technology will change education by 2028

Advancements in technology have also revolutionized every field, including education. For instance, virtual reality and augmented reality technologies can create immersive and interactive learning experiences, allowing students to visualize complex concepts and understand them more effectively.

Similarly, artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies can provide personalized feedback and adaptive learning experiences that cater to individual student’s learning styles As education continues to evolve and change globally, it can promote more effective communication skills and lead students to develop innovative mindsets, helping them pursue personal responsibility and grow as productive members of society. 

Students are drawn to learning how to use technologies that are becoming increasingly popular in the job market, and learning a skill that is in demand will help secure employability. Incorporating technology in education can have numerous benefits, such as automating administrative tasks and freeing up teachers’ time.

Redmarker Systems’ rTestGen software is an excellent example of this, as it offers an in-application question tagging system and canvas for item writing, which can streamline the process of generating assessment items. 

Additionally, rTestGen allows for the automatic grading of assessments, reducing the workload of teachers and increasing efficiency. By implementing technology like rTestGen, educational institutions can streamline administrative tasks, allowing teachers to focus on providing personalized and interactive teaching methods that enhance students’ learning experiences.

Are you curious about the latest trends in e-learning in 2023? it’s important to stay up to date with the latest developments. Check out our blog Best Online Assessments Tools for Teachers in 2023 to explore the most significant advancements in the e-learning industry and how these can improve the learning experience for students of all ages 

Training for Teachers

One of the most crucial ways to improve the education system in Pakistan is by investing in the professional development of teachers. Teachers are the backbone of any education system, and their effectiveness has a significant impact on student learning outcomes.

The government should implement higher standards for teachers’ selection to deliver better outcomes to the students. Professional development seminars should be offered to teachers t once every six months. This can help relieve some of the professional stress associated with constant teaching and will help improve concentration on what matters – i.e., the teaching methods.

In addition to traditional in-person training, technology can also play a significant role in teacher professional development. Online training courses and webinars can provide teachers with access to high-quality training resources from anywhere, at any time. By investing in teacher training, Pakistan can improve the quality of education and ensure that students receive the best possible learning experience.

Examples of Successful Education Initiatives in Pakistan

The education system in Pakistan has been plagued by challenges and obstacles for years, but amidst the darkness, there are shining examples of successful initiatives that offer a glimmer of hope for the future. These initiatives serve as beacons of light in the midst of the daunting challenges faced by Pakistan’s education system, providing inspiration and a roadmap for progress.

The country is paving the way for a brighter future for its students and educators. From innovative e-learning platforms to cutting-edge digital literacy programs, Pakistan is leveraging technology to enhance the quality and accessibility of education like never before.

 So, let’s take a closer look at some of the most impactful technology-driven education initiatives in Pakistan! Here are some examples of successful technology-driven education initiatives.

The TeleTaleem Project

The TeleTaleem Project is a non-profit initiative that aims to provide access to quality education through technology. The project provides online educational resources to students across Pakistan, including video lectures, quizzes, and assessments. The project has successfully provided access to education to students who cannot attend traditional schools.


The government of Pakistan has launched several successful initiatives aimed at promoting digital literacy and skills development among the youth of the country. The DigiSkills program was launched in 2018 to promote digital literacy and skills development among the youth of Pakistan.

The program offers a diverse range of free online courses and training opportunities in various digital skills, including graphic design, e-commerce, and digital marketing. 

To date, DigiSkills has already trained thousands of individuals, and joining this program is an excellent way to enhance your skill set and gain a competitive advantage in today’s job market.

The Prime Minister’s Kamyab Jawan Digital Skills Program

Launched in 2019, the Kamyab Jawan Digital Skills Program aims to provide training in digital skills to young people across Pakistan. The program offers courses in areas such as web development, digital marketing, and graphic design. The program aims to equip young people with the skills to succeed in the digital economy.

The Virtual University of Pakistan

The Virtual University of Pakistan is a public sector university that offers online degree programs and courses. The university uses technology to provide high-quality education to students across Pakistan, particularly those who cannot attend traditional universities due to financial or geographic constraints.

The e-Learning Program

The e-Learning Program is an initiative launched by the Punjab government to provide access to digital resources for teachers and students. The program offers online courses, educational videos, and digital textbooks to schools across the province. The program has successfully improved the quality of education and provided teachers and students with access to digital resources.

These initiatives have successfully introduced technology in education in Pakistan and have helped bridge the digital divide in education. However, there is still a long way to go, and more efforts are needed to ensure that every student in Pakistan has access to quality education through technology.

RedMarker Systems‘ digital solutions for assessment and examination processes are highly relevant to the successful education initiatives in Pakistan, such as the government’s focus on introducing technology in education.

Check out the Innovative digital solutions, including rTestGen, rCBT, rMarker, and Farda, which are designed to enhance the assessment lifecycle and improve the overall education experience.

Challenges in Implementing Education Reforms in Pakistan

Education is the cornerstone of any society’s progress. Keeping pace with the times is crucial for the education system as the world rapidly progresses toward a digital age. Even though initiatives for reforms in education have been successful, Pakistan still faces several challenges in implementing educational improvisations.  We have outlined the most pressing challenges here.

Political instability and lack of consensus among policymakers

Pakistan has a history of political unrest, making it difficult to implement long-term education reforms. Additionally, policymakers may have differing views about the best way to address challenges posed to the education sector.

Resistance to change from traditionalist groups and teachers

Some traditionalist groups and teachers resist changes in the education system, such as introducing new teaching methods, changes in curriculum, the introduction of technology in the infrastructure, and pedagogical methods.

Corruption and mismanagement of funds

Corruption and mismanagement of funds result in the ineffectiveness of education initiatives, demotivate the stakeholders, and ultimately hinder progress.

Cultural and Social barriers

Cultural barriers and societal attitudes towards education, particularly for girls is common, as, in some areas of Pakistan, girls are discouraged from attending school. Girls are generally considered a burden which not only is a reason to deprive them of education but a major catalyst to child marriages. This makes it hard to ensure that education initiatives are inclusive and accessible to all.

Addressing these challenges will require the cooperation and support of various stakeholders, including the government, educators, parents, and the wider community. By working together, it will be possible to overcome these barriers and continue improving the education quality in Pakistan.

In a Nutshell

To conclude, Pakistan’s education system has major flaws that impede the country’s advancement. The lack of pedagogical skills, budgetary allocation, technical education, and career counseling are among the significant issues that need immediate attention. 

To improve the system, the government should provide equal opportunities and access to education for all, increase the education budget, align the education system with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, and adapt to new technologies. 

Additionally, schools should offer proper career counseling to help students understand the job market and develop relevant skills. Pakistan’s citizens are relying on the efforts of both local and international organizations to bring positive changes and improve the education system.

However, there are ways to improve the system, such as offering career counseling, ensuring equality and quality in the syllabus, adapting to new technologies, and providing training for teachers. 

Examples of successful education initiatives in Pakistan include the Prime Minister’s Kamyab Jawan Digital Skills Program, the Virtual University of Pakistan, the TeleTaleem Project, and the e-Learning Program. Despite the potential benefits of these initiatives, implementing education reforms in Pakistan remains challenging due to political instability, resistance from traditionalist groups and teachers, corruption, and cultural and social barriers. Addressing these challenges will require collective effort and a sustained commitment to education reform.

Improving the education system in Pakistan is crucial for the country’s future prosperity. By addressing the flaws in the system, implementing effective strategies, and overcoming the challenges, Pakistan can ensure that its youth are equipped with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in a rapidly changing world.

If you’re interested in learning more about improving the education system in Pakistan or have any questions, check out the frequently asked questions (FAQs) below. Our goal is to provide you with helpful information and assist you in any way we can.

Frequently Asked Questions

The quality of education can be improved by updating curricula, investing in teacher training, and promoting practical skills.

The gender disparity in education is due to cultural and societal norms prioritizing boys' education over girls' education.

To promote gender equality in education, the government can invest in girls' schools, incentivize families to send girls to school, and promote female teachers and role models.

To reduce inequality in education, the government can provide more resources to disadvantaged areas, promote distance learning and online education, and create programs that target marginalized communities.

Teacher training is essential for improving education because it helps ensure teachers have the necessary skills and knowledge to teach effectively.

Corruption can be reduced by creating accountability mechanisms, increasing transparency in the education sector, and promoting merit-based hiring and promotions.

Technology can significantly improve education by providing access to digital resources, promoting distance learning, and facilitating teacher training.

To improve access to education in rural areas, the government can provide more resources to rural schools, invest in transportation infrastructure, and create incentives for teachers to work in rural areas.

To encourage parents to prioritize education, the government can provide incentives for families to send their children to school, promote the benefits of education, and create programs that support working parents.

Vocational training can be integrated into the education system by updating curricula to include practical skills, promoting apprenticeships and internships, and creating partnerships with the industry.

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